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Wilfrid Laurier University (2021)

EXPLORING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DROUGHT AND POPULATION CHANGE ON THE NORTH AMERICAN GREAT PLAINS, 1970-2010

Heath, George

Titre : EXPLORING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DROUGHT AND POPULATION CHANGE ON THE NORTH AMERICAN GREAT PLAINS, 1970-2010

Auteur : Heath, George

Université de soutenance : Wilfrid Laurier University

Grade : Master of Science in Geography 2021

Résumé
Through the second half of the 20th century, the North American Great Plains saw widespread rural out-migration, a continuation of trends that began with the Dust Bowl crisis during the Great Depression of the 1930s. As part of a wider academic focus on the roles climate and environmental changes have on migration, this research project sought to understand the relationship between drought conditions and rural population decline on the Great Plains. In this explorative research, census population data for Canada and the US from 1970-2010 were analyzed along with temperature, precipitation, and Palmer Drought Severity Index data for the same period using a variety of regression to seek out possible association between drought conditions and population loss at local scales. As part of this process, a novel index for identifying drought likelihood was also developed and tested. Results indicate that the significance and direction of the relationship between drought and rural population loss is spatially heterogenous. Geographically weighted regression models are demonstrated to have better predictive power than traditional regression methods, although that predictive power deteriorates through the decades in the study period. Small clusters of counties were detected where the drought-population loss is relatively strong in certain decades, but generally the results suggest that non-climatic factors were the primary drivers of population loss across the Great Plains. The modelling results are discussed in the context of a case study of Lincoln County, Colorado, a dryland county visited as part of field research for this project.

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Page publiée le 13 mai 2022