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Wilfrid Laurier University (2017)

Assessing Resilient Post-Disaster Recovery of A Flash-Flood-Prone Area : A Study of the City of Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Tammar, Abdurazag

Titre : Assessing Resilient Post-Disaster Recovery of A Flash-Flood-Prone Area : A Study of the City of Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Auteur : Tammar, Abdurazag

Université de soutenance : Wilfrid Laurier University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2017

Résumé partiel
The increased incidence of natural disasters over recent decades has been accompanied by a corresponding dramatic proliferation of human casualties, economic damage and recovery costs. Post-disaster processes are therefore increasingly becoming the paramount focus of disaster-management stakeholders. Current research has noted the importance of improving community resilience with respect to household capacity, organizational capacity, and social capital, as the three main assessment dimensions to enable communities to recover effectively and efficiently from future disaster events. Community resilience involves proactive preparedness and mitigation initiatives. In the context of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the lack of either precedent research or functioning post-disaster recovery policies made the 2009 and 2011 flash floods in the City of Jeddah extremely serious natural disasters.

The principal objective of the research conducted for this thesis was to evaluate the importance and implications of the role of the three main assessment dimensions as well as the effect of religious aspects that characterized Saudi society during and post-disaster with respect to improving flood resilience, speeding recovery, and minimizing the detrimental impact on vulnerable communities. In addition, the optimal utilization of social capital, efficient internal cohesion, and effective resource-sharing within and across any community groups to ensure their advance preparedness and contribution are also fundamental and critical factors that must be addressed if post-disaster recovery is to be sustainable and resilient.

The research entailed a literature review, including an examination of the lessons learned from the 2009 and 2011 flash floods in the City of Jeddah. Drawing from the literature, an initial resilient post-disaster assessment framework (RPDR-AF) was developed. The field case study involved three sources of information : secondary data, interviews, and field observations. Interviewees included household members, government officials, community leaders, and participating NGOs and CBOs. The empirical analysis combined qualitative and quantitative techniques focusing on themes derived from the RPDR-AF.

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