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Durban University of Technology (DUT) 2020

Adressing food and nutrition insecurity through the development and implementation of an agricultural and nutrition education programme on legumes for older farmers living in Mariannhill, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Mkhize, Nkumbulo Xolile

Titre : Adressing food and nutrition insecurity through the development and implementation of an agricultural and nutrition education programme on legumes for older farmers living in Mariannhill, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Auteur : Mkhize, Nkumbulo Xolile

Université de soutenance : Durban University of Technology (DUT)

Grade : Doctor of Applied Science in Food and Nutrition 2020

Résumé partiel
Food and nutrition security can be influenced by various external and internal factors that contribute to a compromised wellbeing status amongst older farmers who are considered as a vulnerable group. This group faces diverse socio-economic and health challenges within an evolving food system. The complexity of this challenge persistently requires multisectoral intervention programmes, as reflected in the nature of this study. Aim and Objectives The aim of the study was to determine the levels of and address the food intake and nutrition insecurity status of elderly farmers. The main objective was to address the challenges that compromised the health of selected previously non-legume producing farmers by encouraging legume production and consumption amongst them. The findings of the study informed the proposal of appropriate strategies to develop an intervention programme intended to educate the identified elderly farmers and to promote their dietary diversification by means of legume production and consumption. Methodology The study employed a cross-sectional design. A baseline study was conducted that aimed at examining variable relationships using a mixed methods approach involving both qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques. A sample of 112 elderly farmers participated in the baseline study, followed by a case-controlled intervention programme that included preand post-intervention surveys. The measuring instruments included socio-demographic as well as health and medical surveys to elicit data such as blood pressure, blood indices for glucose and cholesterol due to dietary intake, household food security, legume knowledge, legume acceptability and agricultural practices. The data informed the findings of both the baseline and the intervention phases of the study. The baseline study involved a sample of 112 elderly farmers, whereas the intervention study involved two case controls (n=103) that comprised an experimental group (EG : n=53) and a control group (CG : n=50).

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