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Addis Ababa University (2019)

Assessment Of Factors Influencing Community Participation In Water Supply Schemes : The Case Of Drought Affected Communities At Dollo-Bay, Somali Region

Fisseha, Tigist

Titre : Assessment Of Factors Influencing Community Participation In Water Supply Schemes : The Case Of Drought Affected Communities At Dollo-Bay, Somali Region

Auteur : Fisseha, Tigist

Université de soutenance : Addis Ababa University

Grade : MASTERS OF SCIENCE IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT 2019

Résumé
People living in IDPs sites and drought affected areas have substantially greater need for water, sanitation, and hygiene. Their participation in community-based water supply schemes is recommended. Studies on community participated water supply projects have found that demand responsiveness and participation by beneficiaries improve project performance (Isham et al., 1994 ; Narayan, 1995 ; Isham & Kahkonen, 1999, 2002 ; Prokopy, 2005). The main objective of this study was to identify the factors which influence community participation in conflict-affected populations based water supply schemes in IDPs and drought affected communities in Dollo Bay Woreda of Afder Zone. This study has identified the factors which influence user participation in community-based water supply schemes in IDPs and drought affected communities at Dollo Bay Woreda of Afder Zone, Somali Regional State, using primary data. 250 respondents of total households was designated using systematic random sampling technique in an attempt to investigate respondents’ attitude towards the impact community participation on the satisfaction of water supply schemes. A two stage random sampling that is selection of the Kebeles and selection of households is made. To capture the rate of participation, two forms of indices were constructed : one to measure attendance in group meetings, and the other to measure their influence on decisions. The relative importance of factors such as group and household characteristics that affect participation were analyzed using linear regression models. Of the two sets of factors, it was found that household characteristics were the most influential. The analysis shows that males actively participated in group meetings. Level of education and involvement of households in other local organizations were the other major factors affecting participation. over all in the water supply context, once the system was installed and functioning without any interruption, it was observed that households were less interested in participating in the meetings. It is households’ increased water demand that mainly drives them to participate in the community-managed schemes.

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