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Addis Ababa University (2020)

Impact of Small Scale Irrigation on Household Food Security in Mehal Sayint Worda, South Wollo Zone, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

Zeru, Habtam

Titre : Impact of Small Scale Irrigation on Household Food Security in Mehal Sayint Worda, South Wollo Zone, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

Auteur : Zeru, Habtam

Université de soutenance : Addis Ababa University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2020

Résumé
Agriculture is the main contributor of Ethiopian economic growth and holds the majority work forces. But the agriculture practices is dependent with rainfall and small scale subsistence production system. Because of this backward agricultural production practice, the country hits by frequent drought and many people have been being food insecure. Farming irrigation is one key solution to minimize those kinds of vulnerability and improve food security. The research objective is to analyze the impact of small scale irrigation on household food security in Mehal Sayint Worda, south Wollo zone, Amhara region established on 204 ( 105 irrigation non-user and 99 irrigation users) sample. Both primary and secondary data used for the study .Descriptive statistics analyze and propensity sore matching used to determinants impacts of small-scale irrigation on household food security and household food consumption. In the study descriptive analyze and econometric analyse found irrigation have positive impacts to ensure food securities. The studies found from irrigation user households 80.8 % ensure food security. The average treatment effect of the propensity matching results dig out, 51.1% irrigation user households ensure more food security than irrigation non-user household. From irrigation non-user only 28.6 % ensures food security. In the same ways the study finding indicates the main challenge of irrigation in the study area is the cost of technology. The study concluded that irrigation is one key valuable potential solution to ensure food security in the study area. Therefore, it is recommended that government and all other participant should give focus on irrigation to minimize large number of the study area food insecure households

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