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Addis Ababa University (2021)

Poverty, Rangeland Degradation and Livelihoods of Pastoralists in Boorana Rangeland System, Southern Ethiopia

Dika, Galgalo

Titre : Poverty, Rangeland Degradation and Livelihoods of Pastoralists in Boorana Rangeland System, Southern Ethiopia

Auteur : Dika, Galgalo

Université de soutenance : Addis Ababa University

Grade : DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (Ph.D.) IN DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES) 2021

Résumé partiel
Poverty, socioeconomic marginalization, and resource degradation has been unique features of pastoralists in Arid and Semi-arid Lands (ASAL) in general and in Ethiopia in particular. This dissertation assessed pastoralist understanding of poverty from multiple perspectives, rangeland degradation based on the Gadaa1 timeline and investigated livelihoods of pastoralist in Boorana rangeland system. The study argued that understanding pastoralist poverty and livelihoods, and constructions of pastoralist knowledge on rangeland degradation and its impacts could make crucial scientific contributions. The study relied on the Vicious Circle Model (VCM) to understand the relationships between poverty and rangeland degradation. The study was based on mixed method approaches. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used in the data collection and analysis. Large amounts of primary data were obtained from pastoral community by household questionnaire survey, semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions. Observation was also another tools used to document the area in its physical settings. To analyze the data the study adopted Sustainable Livelihood Framework (SLF), and Alkire and Foster method of multidimensional poverty analysis. Quantitative data were analyzed by various descriptive statistics and systematic summarizations of survey data. In addition, the study also employed econometric models like Logit and Multivariate Probit model (MVP) in quantitative data analysis. Qualitative data were analyzed by descriptions of responses, narrations of cases and systematic summarizations of qualitative responses. The results showed that pastoralists perceive poverty as lack of livestock, low health, and lack of money, education, and jobs. Poverty is caused by climate change and variability, deteriorations of pasture and water, lack of education, and over utilization of resources. The result showed that, diversification of income sources, crop cultivation, improvements of pastoral education, destocking, and returning to forefathers‟ cultural practices could help in surviving poverty. Using Alkire and Foster method the result showed that 87.3% of Boorana pastoralist households were multidimensionally poor with 62.1% of intensity of poverty. Multidimensional poverty index (MPI) for Boorana pastoralist was high (54.2%). Majority of Boorana pastoralist households were deprived in cooking fuel, drinking water, electricity, ownership of durable assets, housing, child school attendance and years of schooling. Deprivation in education was the largest contributor to MPI followed by standard of living and health dimension.

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