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Bahir Dar University (2018)

EFFECT OF DROUGHT ON LIVESTOCK‚ AND ITS ADAPTATION STRATEGIES ፡ THE CASE OF HINTALOWAJRAT “WOREDA”, TIGRAY NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE

Lijalem, Kahsay

Titre : EFFECT OF DROUGHT ON LIVESTOCK‚ AND ITS ADAPTATION STRATEGIES ፡ THE CASE OF HINTALOWAJRAT “WOREDA”, TIGRAY NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE

Auteur : Lijalem, Kahsay

Université de soutenance : Bahir Dar University

Grade : Master of Science (MSc.) in “Disaster Risk Management and Sustainable Development” 2018

Résumé
Drought is the most prominent phenomena that had been confronting and disrupting the livelihood of households. The Objective of the study was to assess the effect of drought on livestock and adaptation strategies in Hintalowajrat “ Woreda”. The woreda is randomly selected from the region . Many people in the ―Woreda” were either seasonally or chronically food insecure due to recurrent drought and there was no researcher who has conducted a research before regarding to drought effect on livestock and adaptation strategies used . To undertake this research , both primary and secondary data were utilized. During drought period, the productivity of meat, milk and milk products declined and hence consumption and income. Adaptation measures such as provision of supplementary feed ‚ water ‚ veterinary intervention and destocking have practiced by drought affected people . Drought forced people declined their income obtain from crop and livestock production ‚ food deficit, malnutrition cases, educational dropouts, social conflicts, health problems susceptibility to diseases and an increase in the unemployment rate . Planting of trees and combat deforestation have great importance in reducing influence of drought and increasing agricultural production. Deforestation and land degradation are challenges in the area it needs attention by the government ‚ communities and other stake holders. Improved management of water resources ‚ to harvest and store rainwater through the introduction of water harvesting technologies such as borehole ‚ large and small size open water ponds and cisterns. The importance of water harvesting technologies and its importance on livelihood should need further study in the area .

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Page publiée le 16 juin 2022