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Accueil du site → Master → Ethiopie → ALOE SOAP VALUE CHAIN INTIATIVE AND ITS EFFECT ON LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGY : THE CASE OF PASTORALISTS AND AGROPASTORALISTS OF BORANA, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

St. Mary’s University (2014)

ALOE SOAP VALUE CHAIN INTIATIVE AND ITS EFFECT ON LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGY : THE CASE OF PASTORALISTS AND AGROPASTORALISTS OF BORANA, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

TESHOME, DEGA

Titre : ALOE SOAP VALUE CHAIN INTIATIVE AND ITS EFFECT ON LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGY : THE CASE OF PASTORALISTS AND AGROPASTORALISTS OF BORANA, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

Auteur : TESHOME, DEGA

Université de soutenance : St. Mary’s University

Grade : MASTERS OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 2014

Résumé
This study aimed at assessing the effect of ‘aloe soap value chain initiative’ on pastoralists and agropastoralists in supplementing their livelihood diversification strategy to overcome impacts of recurrent shocks in the DidaYabello, Fulduwa and Dambala Badana Pastoral Associations (PA) in Yabello, Arero and Dire districts, respectively, of Borana Zone. Wild Aloe plant is one of the abundant plant species found in the area and most neglected/underutilized as means of livelihoods except few traditional medicines and ritual purposes. The research employed qualitative and quantitative research methods using both primary and secondary data. Purposive sampling method was used by which three sample PA administrations with potential aloe soap processing sub-centers were selected for data collection. A total of 120 sample households (60 participants and 60 nonparticipants) were selected by using probability proportional to size for the survey. Data analysis was made by descriptive statistics and econometrics using propensity score matching method. This study therefore evaluates the effect of aloe soap value chain initiatives interventions of the project in the target PAs. The study has used cross-sectional survey data of 2012-2013 to see the effect of the intervention in supplementing their livelihood diversification strategy. The intervention has resulted in an increased amount of income made by participants to earn an average total income of about Birr 2688.70 per month from the aloe soap production over the counter parts. It also enabled them to consider aloe plant as productive plant species which is market oriented and has best economic value. Moreover, the aloe plant species are found to be environmentally friendly, drought tolerant and best for soil and water conservation if properly used in addition to its magnificent medicinal uses. Based on the results obtained, such innovative product of market development interventions has a paramount importance for the enhancement of alternative livelihood diversification strategies of the pastoralists and agro-pastoralists.

Mots clés : pastoralist propensity score matching recurrent drought wild livelihood Aloe soap

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