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St. Mary’s University (2017)

THE CAUSE OF RURAL URBAN MIGRATION TO ADDIS ABABA AND ITS IMPLICATION ON MIGRANTS AND THEIR PHASES OF ORIGIN (A CASE STUDY ON MIGRATNS WORKING ON SOME SELECTED CONSTRUCTION SITES IN ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA)

Taddese, Natoo

Titre : THE CAUSE OF RURAL URBAN MIGRATION TO ADDIS ABABA AND ITS IMPLICATION ON MIGRANTS AND THEIR PHASES OF ORIGIN (A CASE STUDY ON MIGRATNS WORKING ON SOME SELECTED CONSTRUCTION SITES IN ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA)

Auteur : Taddese, Natoo

Université de soutenance : St. Mary’s University

Grade : MASTER OF SCIENCE IN DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS 2017

Résumé
In developing countries like Ethiopia rural-urban migration affects socio –economic realities in both urban and rural areas. This study aims at identifying the major causes for migration of people to Addis Ababa and its implication on migrants and their phases of origin. To achieve the objective 80 migrants were selected who are working in four selected construction sites of Addis Ababa. Both primary and secondary data were collected and were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively by using SPSS version 20. Structured questionnaires were used on the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of migrants. Most of the migrants move to the city alone had no information about the city before migration and the decision of their migration is mostly made by themselves. However, most of them decide to migrate not in planned way. A greater number of the migrants are females, young adults, unmarried and had some form of primary and secondary education before they decided to migrate. There are many causes for the migration of people to the city. Among them the search for job, to gain education and training, and problem related with land and agricultural productivity and drought was the major one. Many of the migrants encountered problems at the initial period of adjustment and adaptation and even currently. In line with this, some useful points of recommendations for effective rural policy development action and regional urban management policy are suggested.

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Page publiée le 16 juin 2022