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Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) 2013

ASSESSMENT OF ADAPTATION MECHANISMS OF AGRO-PASTORALISTS TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN OROMIA REGION. ETHIOPIA : THE CASE OF KOFELE AND KORE DISTRICTS

LEMMA, ABEBE

Titre : ASSESSMENT OF ADAPTATION MECHANISMS OF AGRO-PASTORALISTS TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN OROMIA REGION. ETHIOPIA : THE CASE OF KOFELE AND KORE DISTRICTS

Auteur : LEMMA, ABEBE

Université de soutenance : Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)

Grade : Master of Arts Degree in Rural Development 2013

Résumé partiel
Climate change is now widely recognized and presents a significant threat to the word and humankind. The scientific data analyzed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007) provided strong proof that climate change is occurring as result of human activity leading to GHGs emissions in the atmosphere. Unfortunately, developing countries contribute insignificantly to the global warming, though climate change projections show that they are hardest hit in its consequences. Ethiopia is among the most vulnerable to climate change as its economy base is relied on the agriculture and experiencing drought and flood because of the frequent changed patterns in rainfall and temperature. The livelihoods of subsistence agropastoralists is vulnerable and hampered by the adverse impacts to climate change as they completely depend on mixed farming and utilization of natural resources though locally exercised adaptation mechanisms to respond to the burdens of climate change on which this study paid attention. On the basis of quantitative and qualitative data and the analysis made, this study analyzed the agro-pastoralists’ knowledge and understanding and their adaptation mechanisms to climate change in eight kebeles of Kofele and Kore Districts of Oromia Region. The research result indicated that Extension Workers, the media (radio) and training/workshops organized were main sources of information about climate change to majority of households though significant number of respondents have no information or knowledge about the factors that may possibly necessitate adaptation to climate change. Changes in the climate conditions in the last two decades have caused damages to the socio-economic and environmental fabric of the Agro-pastoralists. The study findings showed that the majority of the surveyed HHs (78 %) perceived that they have witnessed long-term changes in temperature and rainfall and an xi increasing trend in the situation of hot times and decreasing trend of rainy times over the past 20 years. Even though the rainfall and temperature data for some months of the reported years were missed, it has been difficult to observe the trend in the amount during the reported years. But, unpredictable nature and pattern of rainfall distribution with late start and early cease of rainfall from usual condition, torrential and less rainfall during the rainy season, prolonged periods of dry seasons and increased temperatures, were observed as important threats. FGD participants witnessed a change in the climate in terms of late on-set and shortage of rainfall than usual in the years 2005/06 and 2007/08, as well as in 2010/11 there was a prolonged rainfall pattern at Kofele district which resulted in drastic decline of crops yields, quality and price of wheat and barley which compelled agro-pastoralists to sell their livestock and lost their assets.

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