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Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) 2013

ASSESSMENT ON THE MPACT OF IRRIGATION BASED AGRICUTURE ON FOOD SECURITY IN SEMI-ARID AREAS : With Particular Reference to Tibila Irrigation-Based Integrated Development project

MEGERSSA Fida,

Titre : ASSESSMENT ON THE MPACT OF IRRIGATION BASED AGRICUTURE ON FOOD SECURITY IN SEMI-ARID AREAS : With Particular Reference to Tibila Irrigation-Based Integrated Development project

Auteur : MEGERSSA Fida,

Université de soutenance : Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)

Grade : Master of Arts Degree in Rural Development 2013

Résumé partiel
The study on impacts of irrigation-based agriculture on food security in semi-arid areas has been conducted as a case study on the Tibla Irrigation-based Integrated Development Project, which is located in the three adjacent districts of Jeju, Sire and Merti, all of which are administratively found in Arsi Zone of Oromia Regional State in Ethiopia. The main objective of this irrigation-based development project is to tackle the problem of food insecurity and thereby enhance further development endeavours in the project area and its surroundings. The project envisages that through the implementation of the project the food security, the general livelihood and living standards of the people in the project area and its environs will change and improve. It is further anticipated that the realization of this development project will induce and enhance all round development in the agro-practice, in the socio-economic and cultural aspects of the project participant communities. The Tibla Irrigation-based Development Project is located at about 150 km away from the country’s capital, Addis Ababa to the east direction and 95 km away from Asela Town (Arsi Zone capital). Arsi is the zonal administrative division in which the three project districts are located. The project area entirely falls in the lowland areas of the three districts. The project area is situated in the upper Valley of the Awash River. Awash River is the largest water body in this arid and semi-arid area and the river is well known for its irrigation potential and this specific project is situated along the river. The project area is part of the Great East African Rift Valley with the physical feature of extensive plain land. The main objective of the studywas to assess the impacts of the irrigation development project on the living conditions of the project population. It assessed the impacts of the project on the food security situation of the targeted community and the role of water users’ associations on the management of the project. G The specific objectives were to investigate the impact of the irrigation project on household food securityand overall livelihood situation, assess the extent of community-based administrative and management structures and systems, identify strengths including successes and promising practices and limitations that have impending factors, assess market situations for agricultural production in the irrigation project and identify constraints therein, draw constructive lessons and document new knowledge and feasible working systems and strategies and furnish specific, actionable, and practical recommendations for further improvement of the project and realization of optimal benefits. The main tool of data collection was an interview schedule using close-ended questions in most cases and open-ended question style in some cases. Focus group data collection method and tool was also used with the extension workers and Water Users Associations’ (WUA) leaders and ordinary members. Groups of WUA leaders and members and extension workers in an appropriate number or size participated in each focus group discussion to collect information on appropriate issues. Guiding question checklists were employed in the focus group discussions. In-depth interview data collection method was followed while discussing with government officials, professionals and the like key informants.

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