Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → Ghana → Availability and utilization of feed resources in small ruminant production among smallholder farmers in northern Ghana

University for Development Studies (2018)

Availability and utilization of feed resources in small ruminant production among smallholder farmers in northern Ghana

Konlan, S.P.

Titre : Availability and utilization of feed resources in small ruminant production among smallholder farmers in northern Ghana

Auteur : Konlan, S.P.

Université de soutenance : University for Development Studies, Ghana

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Animal Science 2018

Résumé partiel
An evaluation of feed resource availability, utilization and options for improving efficiency of use was investigated in 2 Surveys and 3 Experiments. The first Survey was an assessment of existing feed resources in a crop-livestock production system for identification of critical seasonal shortages. Focus group discussions involving 150 crop – livestock farmers (108 men 42 women) and individual interviews with semi-structured questionnaires were used in collection of data. The results showed that existing feed resources were natural pasture, crop residues, and agro-industrial by-products. However, few farmers (18%) had stands of browse plants like Leucaena leucocephala, Cajanus cajan and Gliricidia sepium. Grazing of natural pasture provided 80% of annual DM requirement of ruminants and 20% supplemented by farmers with collected natural fodder, crop residues and purchased feed. Feed availability was highest between August and November ; and a shortage gap occurred in the dry season which became critical between February and April. The second Survey involved an assessment of emerging feed markets in northern Ghana to determine the types and prices of feedstuffs sold. Data were collected from feed markets in Wa, Bolgatanga and Tamale in Upper West, Upper East and Northern regions respectively. A total of 170 respondents were interviewed for this study. Four categories of feedstuffs : crop residues, agro-industrial by-products (AIBPs), fresh grasses and leaves of local browse plants were found in all the three feed markets surveyed. Price of cowpea haulm was highest (P<0.05) at GHȻ 1.00 /kg DM whereas rice bran was the lowest at GHȻ 0.12 /kg DM. Prices of feedstuffs differed (P<0.05) among markets and were highest (GHȻ 0.58/kg DM) in Bolgatanga market and lowest (GHȻ 0.32/kg DM) in the Wa market. The CP content of feedstuffs had less influence on price variations.

Présentation (CGSpace)

Version intégrale (4,9 Mb)

Page publiée le 25 juin 2022