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Haramaya University (2019)

Effect of Deficit Irrigation Levels at Different Growth Stages on Yield and Water Productivity of Onion (Allium cepa L.) at Raya Azebo Woreda, Northern Ethiopia

Nurga, Yetagesu

Titre : Effect of Deficit Irrigation Levels at Different Growth Stages on Yield and Water Productivity of Onion (Allium cepa L.) at Raya Azebo Woreda, Northern Ethiopia

Auteur : Nurga, Yetagesu

Université de soutenance : Haramaya University

Grade : MASTERS OF SCIENCES IN AGRICULTURE (Irrigation Agronomy) 2019

Résumé
Scarcity of water is the most severe constraint for development of agriculture in arid and semi-arid areas. Under such conditions, the need to use the available water economically and efficiently is indisputable. The important strategy for increasing water productivity and improving water use efficiency in the area of water scarcity, was deficit irrigation. A field experiment was conducted at Mehoni Agricultural Research Center during off season aimed at investigating the effect of deficit irrigation levels on water productivity of onion (Bombey Red variety) and the most sensitive growth stages of onion crop. The experiment was carried out in split plot design with sixteen treatment combinations and three replications. Treatments include four growth stages (initial, development, bulb formation and maturation) as main plot, and three deficit irrigation levels (80%, 60% and 40% of ETc), and one control irrigation of 100% ETc as subplot. Crop water requirement was estimated using actual daily climatic data. The result showed that deficit irrigation levels, time of deficit irrigation and their interaction had significant (p< 0.01) effect on bulb yield and yield components. The treatments receiving 100% ETc at the time of development stage gave the highest total bulb yield of 30.67 t/ha with no significant difference from 60% deficit treatments during initial and maturation stages. The result showed that initial and maturation stages were the right time to practicing deficit irrigation without significant yield reduction. Water productivity was the highest with 60% deficit irrigation at maturation stage (8.96 kg/m3), and 0.17ha additional area to be irrigated by saved water. The yield response factor (Ky) was higher (1.98) when 40% deficit occurred at development stage. The result revealed that onion bulb yield was most sensitive to water deficit that occurred at development and bulb formation stages. While maximum yield was obtained when the whole crop water requirement was fulfilled, practicing deficit irrigation at appropriate stage could increase the irrigated area as a result of high water use productivity

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