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Mekelle University (2014)

Adoption of Modern Agricultural Technologies in Urban Agriculture : A Case Study in Mekelle City-Vegetable Growers

Haile, G/Mariam Tesfu

Titre : Adoption of Modern Agricultural Technologies in Urban Agriculture : A Case Study in Mekelle City-Vegetable Growers

Auteur : Haile, G/Mariam Tesfu

Université de soutenance : Mekelle University

Grade : Master of Science in Economics 2014

Résumé partiel
Urban agriculture is an important strategy in supplying for every growing urban population affordable food and adding to their nutrients. Moreover, producing vegetable plays a significant role in contributing to the welfare of particularly poor urban residents. Vegetables are the main source of nutrients and their socio-economic importance is quite clear to the urban citizens. Consequently, production and productivity of vegetable in the urban areas should be improved. This improvement will solely be complete if modern agricultural technologies are utilized ; among the most modern technologies fertilizer and pesticide take priority because of their contribution to soil fertility and hence output. In this study, the determinants of the likelihood of fertilizer and pesticide adoption decision, the intensity of use of fertilizer and volume of use of pesticide on vegetable production and whether or not income difference has come between the adopters and non-adopters of the growers in Mekelle city (the study area) were investigated. The heckman two-satage model, and OLS, which consists of a sample of 204 households, was used in the analysis. The study used both primary and secondary data for analysis. Probit regression model was employed to spot factors that determine adoption decision of the agricultural input chemical technologies like fertilizer and pesticide and heckman two-stage model was used to check financial gain difference between the adopters and non-adopters regarding to those technology adoptions. Additionally, the intensity of use of fertilizer and volume use of pesticide were investigated by employing the OLS (linear regression) model. Therefore, this study intends not solely to contribute one thing in filling the gap of data on urban agriculture by taking one part of urban agriculture that is technology adoption within vegetable production, but also aims to attract attention to the comparatively neglected area of urban agriculture. To this end, the study tried to spot the determinants that affected technology adoption decision and their intensity/volume of use in the city vegetable growers. It also tried to examine how technology adoption led to higher financial gain of the growers

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