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International Islamic University, Islamabad.

Vulnerability of agriculture to climate change in Chakwal district : assessment of farmers’ adaptation strategies

Amir, Sarah

Titre : Vulnerability of agriculture to climate change in Chakwal district : assessment of farmers’ adaptation strategies

Auteur : Amir, Sarah

Université de soutenance : International Islamic University, Islamabad.

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2020

Résumé partiel
With the dawn of 21st century, the world has witnessed the distressingly increasing effects of climate change on almost all sectors of society manifested by rising temperature, melting glaciers, intruding seas, erratic rainfall, frequent floods, cyclones and intermittent droughts. Both the global and national security paradigms are at great risk due to devastating impacts of climate-induced anomalies, if required measures to mitigate and adapt to such changes would not be taken both by developed and developing countries. Due to poor resource-base, technical and financial constraints, inadequate adaptive capacity and above all heavy reliance on climate-sensitive sector like agriculture in South Asia, makes it the most vulnerable region. Therefore, it is incumbent to carry out research on climate change perception, its bearings on human health, crops and livestock productivities, vulnerability assessments and adaptation of the rain-fed rural communities in response to climatic variabilities in countries like Pakistan, where sizeable population is reliant on agriculture for their bread and butter. Although there are constraints like availability of data, limited literature on perception, vulnerability assessment and response to climatic variabilities in Pakistan, but still it is of great importance to conduct such studies. Similarly, the assessment of capabilities for adaptation to those impacts for the agricultural sector, especially in rain-fed regions is not only a need of the hour but a very challenging research question as well. Therefore, this study was carried out with objectives ; i) to get an insight of farmers’ cognizance to climate-related events ; ii) mapping changes in land use land cover with historical perspective and to elucidate its causal factors ; iii) assessment of the households’ vulnerability to climate-related events ; and iv) to find out factors influencing farmers’ selection of farm and non-farm based adaptation strategies or measures in the face of climate change. This study focused on perception analysis of communities in rain-fed areas about climate change by exploring household social vulnerability, biophysical vulnerability and measures taken in a rain-fed district of Chakwal in Punjab, Pakistan. To comprehend the complexity, this study adopted an interdisciplinary approach and methodology by using specially designed survey instrument for data collection, GIS and Remote Sensing tools and statistical techniques for principal component and multivariate analyses. This study considered historical climate data (temperature and precipitation) of Chakwal District and focused on household survey of 475 respondents in the rain-fed rural zone (Barani) of Pakistan.

Présentation (Pakistan Research Repository)

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Page publiée le 22 mai 2022