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Jimma University (2013)

Community based characterization of afar goat breed around aysaita district of afar region

FEKI MISBAH

Titre : Community based characterization of afar goat breed around aysaita district of afar region

Auteur : FEKI MISBAH

Université de soutenance : Jimma University

Grade : MASTER OF SCIENCES IN AGRICULTURE (ANIMAL PRODUCTION) 2013

Résumé partiel
Characterization is the first step in any breed improvement and conservation strategy. This study was undertaken in Afar Region, Aysaita District with the aim of documenting investigating the indigenous knowledge of the community in goat husbandry and breeding management as well as phenotypic performance of Afar goat breed in it environment. Purposive and random sampling techniques were employed to select the PAsthe PAs and households. Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) tools, semi-structured questionnaires, body measurements and recording morphological characters were employed to collect the data. A survey was conducted with 124 respondents (83 from two pastoral and 41 from one agropastoral PAs). A total of 891 adult goats above six months of age were used for physical description of the goat population. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to analyze qualitative and quantitative data. Indexes were calculated for all ranking data. The survey results showed that livestock and livestock products are the major source of income. Goats ranked first in pastoral and second in agropastoral area in their importance. Goats were mainly kept for milk production (I = 0.36), income source (I = 0.24), saving and insurance (I = 0.21) and fulfillment of social and cultural affairs (I = 0.14).The most preferred traits to be improved were milk yield (I=0.35), adaptation (I=0.14) and behavioral traits (I=0.10) for female goats, while body size and conformation (I=0.35) as well as coat color (I=0.20) were favored for males. Breed improvement is mainly undertaken through selection of male goats at juvenile age. Breeding males are mainly selected based on family history (I=0.30). Body size and conformation (I=0.27) are also important criteria in agropastoral system.

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