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2020

Elephants responses to the return of hunting

Botswana

Titre : Elephants responses to the return of hunting

Pays : Botswana

Date : 2020-05-05

Résumé
In Botswana, the hunting of elephants has been reintroduced to address human-elephant conflict and to bring income to rural areas. However, there is uncertainty how hunting may affect daily lives. Elephants who have experienced a hunt are likely to become more aggressive, which could lead to further an increase of elephant damage in rural villages. Understanding behavioural changes of elephants towards humans after the return of hunting is important to avoid an increase in conflict.

Contexte
Last year, the Botswana government reversed the moratorium on hunting, with hunting resuming 2020. As elephants can freely move from a hunting area onto community land, it is likely that elephants which have experienced a hunt will come into contact with rural villagers. Encounters can be dangerous for both sides and it is important to understand how hunting may influence an elephant’s behaviour towards humans, to be able to advise people on how to react when encountering an elephant.

Présentation
Our research on male elephants aims to decrease human-elephant conflict. We are currently collecting baseline data on the behavioural responses that elephants show upon encountering our research vehicle. During the next 12 months, we are planning to monitor any changes in individual elephants’ responses as well as the population as a whole during and after the hunting season. Comparisons with our baseline data will reveal possible behavioural changes in response to humans

Impact
Information on changes in elephant behaviour will help us update the recommendations we give to people during our ’Living with Elephants’ workshops, developed to facilitate humans and elephants to live side-by-side. At the same time, the results will provide important information to be considered in the management of hunting elephants in Botswana e.g. creating low-risk areas for elephants and considering distances to local villages when developing land-use plans.

Organization Information : Elephants for Africa

Budget : €6,222

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Page publiée le 1er juillet 2022