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2018

Air Pollution Impact on Health (Mongolia)

Mongolie

Direction du Développement de la Coopération (Suisse)

Titre : Air Pollution Impact on Health (Mongolia)

Pays/Région : Mongolie

Durée : 01.10.2018 - 31.12.2022

Résumé
This project aims at reducing the risks of air pollution to maternal and child health in urban Mongolia targeting the most polluted areas of Ulaanbaatar and one province centre. This sector governance project establishes evidence linking air pollution and its health impact, pilots and improves risk reduction measures for children and pregnant women, and both will inform policy making. Swiss know-how will be applied, i.e. through involvement of the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute.

Projet en bref
* Contexte : Air pollution in urban Mongolia is amongst the highest in the world. In winter months, the levels of PM2.5 pollution can reach 1,985 micrograms per cubic meter — nearly 80 times the level WHO recommends as safe. The vast majority of that pollution is caused by the burning of coal for homes’ heating. Air pollution has a devastating impact on children’s health. According to UNICEF and the Public Health Institute, pneumonia is now the second leading cause of under-five child mortality in Mongolia. Children living in a highly-polluted district of Ulaanbaatar were found to have 40% lower lung function than children living in a rural area. In the last 10 years, the incidence of respiratory diseases in the country has increased alarmingly, including a 2.7-fold increase in flu, flu-like symptoms and asthma. In Ulaanbaatar, a 3.5-fold increase in foetal deaths has been documented between winter and summer. These harmful effects are likely to manifest throughout children’s lives and in turn fuelling intergenerational cycles of disadvantage. Most of the efforts made by the Government and development partners are focusing on clean energy solutions ; measures undertaken so far are not effective, not evidence based and specific data on air pollution and health remains insufficient. Meanwhile, urgent actions must be taken to reduce maternal and child health risks in Mongolia.
* Objectifs  : The project goal is to reduce the risks of air pollution to maternal and child health through enhanced knowledge, evidence based policy, improved institutional capacity and action on the ground to reduce exposure. It also aims at strengthening health services for vulnerable children and pregnant women, and will contribute to reduced incidence of 1) pneumonia amongst children under 5, and 2) of air pollution related pregnancy risks. Ultimately, urban Mongolia has acceptable air quality and the health system will be able to monitor and provide adequate care to children and adults with air pollution related health conditions due to childhood exposure.
* Groupes cibles  : Preschool children and pregnant and lactating women in Ulaanbaatar (population : 1.5 million), with project focus on the ger areas of Bayanzurkh and of Songinokhairkhan districts (the last a replication with funding from the Municipality of Ulaanbaatar). Preschool children and pregnant and lactating women in Bayankhongor (population : 87,243) provincial centre with very high level of air pollution during winter.

Budget de la Suisse  : CHF 4’912’500

Présentation : Coopération Suisse

Page publiée le 29 août 2022