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UniPID – Finnish University Partnership for International Development ’2013)

MAPPING, MANAGEMENT AND RESILIENCE OF ECOSYSTEM SERVICES FOR FOOD SECURITY AND RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN ETHIOPIA

Food Secutity Climate Change

UniPID – Finnish University Partnership for International Development

Titre : MAPPING, MANAGEMENT AND RESILIENCE OF ECOSYSTEM SERVICES FOR FOOD SECURITY AND RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN ETHIOPIA

Pays/Région : Ethiopie

Durée : 1.10.2013 - 1.9.2017

Résumé
This project will identify the properties of soil, symbiotic microorganisms and agroforestry practices which improve the production of ecosystem services (BNF, AM, C sequestration) for food security in a changing climate. It will also identify the socio-economic feasibility of the management practices, including inoculation of legumes, and the knowledge networks required for their implementation.

Présentation
A project aiming at food security in a changing climate in Ethiopa has recently started as a multidisciplinary collaboration between University of Helsinki, MTT Agrifood Finland, Addis Ababa University and Hawassa University.

Legumes in symbiosis with appropriate microbes provide important ecosystem services. They can replace nitrogen fertilizer and enhance the uptake of phosphorus. Especially in agroforestry systems they can also increase soil organic carbon stocks to mitigate climate change, simultaneously improving soil fertility and food productivity and their climate-resilience. The level of awareness of this excellent system in society is however low and the resources are under-utilized. The project will identify properties of soil, symbiotic microorganisms and agroforestry practices, which improve the production of ecosystem services (BNF, AM, C sequestration) for food security in a changing climate. Molecular methods will be used for bacterial characterization and accessions deposited in domestic and Finnish collections [1,2,3]. Preconditions for socio-economic feasibility of the management practices, including inoculation of legumes, will be investigated via Innovation Platforms, and local and scientific knowledge integrated for successful implementation. The consortium encompasses the best available Finnish and African expertise in these fields. Through the consortium collaboration, novel ways of covering important interfaces between basic research and its applications, which is recognized as being in great demand, will be taken into use.

Institution : University of Helsinki Department of Environmental Sciences Helsinki, Finland

Partenaires  : University of Helsinki, MTT Agrifood Finland, Addis Ababa University, Hawassa University

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