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UK Research and Innovations (2019)

The relative influence of perceptions on multiple water source choice and use, and the subsequent impacts on water security - Kenya : Arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs)

Water Choice Security Kenya

Titre : The relative influence of perceptions on multiple water source choice and use, and the subsequent impacts on water security - Kenya : Arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs)

Pays/Région : Kenya : Arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs)

Durée : sept. 19 - sept. 23

Référence projet : 2276633
Catégorie : Studentship Hannah Nicola Ritchie

Résumé partiel
The aim of this project is to understand the relative importance of perceptions in the choice and use of water sources in multiple source use settings. Further it seeks to assess the influence that these sources and choices have on community water security. The project uses sand dams in rural Kenya as a case study. The objectives of this project are to : Understand how multiple water sources are used throughout the year, Understand what factors influence quality and risk perceptions of multiple water sources and the subsequent impact that these perceptions have on source choice and water use relative tother factors, Understand the relative contribution that interventions such as sand dams make towards improving water security in arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), Understand the way in which salinity varies between and within sand dam sites, the causes of these differences and the way in which this objective quality compares to perceived quality. These aims and objectives were designed to address several research gaps. These were : 1) the seasonal variations in multiple source choice and volume use ; 2) how quality and risk perceptions of water sources translate into behaviours ; 3) which factors are relatively most influential when judging a water source and 4) whether sand dams provide a year-round supply of water. The project, by providing insight into the impact that perceptions have on the use of multiple sources, looking specifically at sand dam communities, helps to address these gaps. It also conforms to the EPSRC Water Engineering Research Area, adding to research on water security and resilience. Multiple Source Use (MSU) - the practice of using more than one water source during a year - is documented in lower-middle-income countries from Sub-Saharan Africa to Pacific Island Countries (Elliott et al., 2017). However, with a lack of recognition in research and monitoring, ourunderstanding of water use behaviours and the success of water interventions is limited (Vedachalam et al., 2017). Multiple factors influence source choice and subsequent water security, quality and risk perceptions among them.

Lead Research Organistion : Cranfield University

Financement : Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)

UK Research and Innovations

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