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DFG Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (2010)

Water yield response to changes in land-use and climate in a semihumid/-arid transition region (Jinghe basin, Northwest China)

Water Yield Climate Change China

DFG Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Titre : Water yield response to changes in land-use and climate in a semihumid/-arid transition region (Jinghe basin, Northwest China)

Identifiant : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) - Project number 179676574
DFG Programme : Research Grants

Région /Pays : Jinghe basin, Northwest China

Date  : from 2010 to 2015

Description
The effort of vegetation restoration in recent decades has been effective for soil erosion control, but accompanied by a drastic reduction of water yield in the main tributaries of the Yellow River. This has led to an emerging debate notably about forest development. Increased temperature and decreased precipitation may also have contributed to water yield reduction. An essential key for developing an integrated land-use and water management approach is to understand and separate the hydrological response to changes in land use and climate. In this study on multiple scales ranging from single tree to watershed, water balance components, vegetation structure dynamics, and soil hydraulic properties will be investigated and continuously monitored on selected plots with vegetation typical to the region. Our research will be carried out in the semihumid/-arid transition region of Jinghe which is an important tributary of the Yellow River. We follow a nested approach on scales of plots and watersheds along a upstream/downstream situation in a representative subbasin. On the basis of our measurements, the process-oriented model BROOK90 will be implemented for predicting the water yield response to changes in climate and vegetation depending on relief and soil conditions. The results obtained from plot studies will be used to parameterize the distributed model SWIM. In a next step, SWIM will be fitted to the catchment discharge and to assess the effect of different land use and vegetation management on water yield. This assessment will provide a solid foundation for how much of the catchment area can be changed by vegetation restoration through forest management to maintain a certain level of water supply security that will ensure a more sustainable regional development.

Applicant : Dr. Kai Schwärzel Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut Eberswalde

Présentation : GEPRIS Geforderte Projekte des DFG

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