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UK Research and Innovations (2020)

Humanitarian Protection in the Liptako-Gourma region

Liptako-Gourma Humanitarian Protectio

Titre : Humanitarian Protection in the Liptako-Gourma region

Pays/Région : Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger.

Durée : juin 20 - déc. 22

Référence projet : AH/T007435/1
Catégorie : Research Grant

Since 2015, this border region has become the epicenter of the Sahel crisis and both state and non-state armed groups have committed serious violations of International Humanitarian Law (IHL). Despite several national and international initiatives, the number of conflict-related victims has increased from 199 in 2012 to 1 464 in 2018, with a significant increase of IDPs, food insecurity, school closures, and gender-based violence.

Several factors are at play, such as the absence of the state, the competition over natural resources, violent extremism, or the proliferation of self-protection militias and climate change. The project will focus on impact of restraint (theme 3) and impact of local protection mechanisms (theme 4), with diversity/gender as a crosscutting theme. The project will be structured around the following research questions : What are the protection threats, risks and vulnerabilities across the different groups of the population of Liptako-Gourma ? What local protection mechanism do they use ? On which social norms and rules are they based ? What is the relation between local protection mechanisms and restraint from violence ? Are there risks for people to protect themselves ? How do humanitarian protection responses interact with local protection mechanisms (positive, neutral or negative) ? How do the different groups of the population assess the impact of humanitarian responses on their own protection and safety ? How can humanitarian protection optimally complement and support local protection mechanisms, without having any possible unintended negative consequences ?

The project aims to address the knowledge gaps and identify perceptions, priorities and needs of local populations in order (i) to document the situations at the grass-root level, (ii) to improve the effectiveness of DRC cycles of humanitarian protection programmes, and (iii) to support all relevant stakeholders through evidence-based analysis in better understanding the priorities of affected communities. To do so, the project will use a mixed research approach of quantitative surveys and qualitative studies led by networks of trained facilitators and researchers in each country to (a) better understand security and humanitarian issues at the micro-local level and ; (b) measure the relevance and impact of humanitarian protection interventions in the region.

Lead Research Organisation : Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI),
Partenaires : The proposed 2-year project (2020-2022) by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) and local research partners, namely the Centre for Democratic Governance (CGD) in Burkina Faso, Point Sud in Mali and the Laboratoire d’Etudes et de Recherche sur les Dynamiques Sociales et le Développement Local (LASDEL) in Niger

Financement : Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
Budget  : £560 069

UK Research and Innovations

Page publiée le 6 septembre 2022