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2021

Legumes and grains in Lebanon : maximize domestic production and enhance strategic food security of these key dietary components.

Liban

Titre : Legumes and grains in Lebanon : maximize domestic production and enhance strategic food security of these key dietary components.

Pays/Région : Liban

Date : START DATE Thu, 12/08/2021

Contexte
Lebanon imports between 80% and 95% of legumes (chickpeas, lentils, beans, peas), and grains (wheat and Barley), and does not have a national plan for securing a strategic reserve through domestic production, storage and supply of these primary components of the Lebanese diet ; which are essential for the population food security, especially the lower income segment.

Présentation
The intent of the program is to propagate food security of these strategic plant products in rural communities, while establishing a plan for progressive reduction in imports through increased domestic production in the short term, and regional collaborative projects in the long term.
* Step-1 : In the 2020-21 season, 260 kgs of wheat and barley were planted on four lots of land in Zawtar – Nabatiyeh, totaling 7600 m2. The crop has been collected and pure seeds of the 3 wheat varieties (dorum red, dorum white, and soft) and one barley variety were harvested and the entire crop was purchased from the farmer.
* Step-2 : The 2020-21 season produced a crop of 2270 Kgs of the four varieties, of which 1869 Kgs (83%) have been treated for replantation in the 2021-22 season. The seeds will be replanted in 85-90 donoms in 7 different areas of Lebanon. (in North, Beqaa, and South), and projected to produce over 16,000 Kgs next year, 75% of which will be replanted.

Objectifs
A target area of 18,000 Hectares (X10 = donoms, 180 km2), based on 300Kg/donom production, should be planted to produce wheat, sufficient to reduce imports by 5%, and is expected to be achieved by the summer of 2026. A target area of 3000 Hectares (30 km2) should be planted to produce barley at a rate of 250 Kg/donom, would be sufficient to reduce imports by 5%, and is expected to be achieved by the summer of 2026

Activités
Propagation : Increase planted area by 10 fold or more every year Infrastructure : Build storage, processing, and servicing capacity Farmer training : On state of the art crop care procedure Technical optimization : To maintain purity of certified varieties being used Processing : Of optimal variety for specific dietary or industrial usage.

Partenaires : Currently collaborating on this project with 6 different organizations and agricultural cooperatives

Daleel Madani

Page publiée le 4 novembre 2022