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2020

Realising the potential of bioresources to mitigate development challenges in Ethiopia, a centre of wild and domesticated plant diversity

Ethiopie

Department for International Development UKAID

Titre : Realising the potential of bioresources to mitigate development challenges in Ethiopia, a centre of wild and domesticated plant diversity

Pays : Ethiopie

Numéro du projet : GB-GOV-13-FUND—GCRF-EP_T024925_1

Organismes de mise en œuvre : Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Durée : Actual Start 01 Jun 2020 //Actual End30 Sep 2021

Objectifs partieles
Our overarching strategic objective is to enhance the inherent resilience of rural communities in the Ethiopian highlands to combinations environmental, social and economic stressors. To achieve this, we aim to realise the potential of Ethiopian bioresources underpinned by biodiversity conservation to contribute to cross-cutting development challenges in Ethiopia and beyond. Objective 1 : Develop and deliver a map of Important Plant Areas for the Ethiopian Highlands. Important Plant Areas are locations of natural vegetation with a high proportion of endemic, threatened and/or socio-economically important species and habitats. These represent the highest priority for conservation and option values for future bioresource development. Concurrently, we aim to develop a working definition for Important Areas for Indigenous Agricultural Diversity. Objective 2 : Identify under-utilised crop and wild harvested plants with the potential to underpin novel pro poor value chains that enhance lives and livelihoods and demonstrate the national value of conserving Important Plant Areas. By developing three case studies (provisionally ; enset, yams and noog), we will illustrate the nutritional, public health and economic benefits derived from indigenous crops. Using Kew’s taxonomic expertise, we aim to predict the full potential of Ethiopia’s indigenous diversity beyond our subset of case studies, for example wild-harvested resources, potential future domestication of underutilised species or bioprospecting for novel economic products. Objective 3 : Assess the local benefits of Important Plant Areas through surveying the perceived and realised ecosystem service and socio-economic consequences for communities living within or adjacent to them. In the context severe food insecurity, the short-term benefits of designating Important Plant Areas must be demonstrated, with trade-offs critically evaluated. Objective 4 : Explore the role that IPAs can play in addressing broader local and regional sustainable development challenges. IPAs have the potential to contribute to broader aspects of human security and wellbeing, offering the chances not only to enhance agriculture but also to tackle issues of environmental degradation, reduce exposure to hazards such as landslides, strengthen water security in the face of climatic change and reduce pressures that force people to migration and displacement.

Financement : UK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
Project budget : £124,655

Présentation (UKAID)

Page publiée le 12 octobre 2022