Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets 2016 → Building Resilience in Ethiopia’s Awassa region to Drought (BREAD)

2016

Building Resilience in Ethiopia’s Awassa region to Drought (BREAD)

Ethiopie

Department for International Development UKAID

Titre : Building Resilience in Ethiopia’s Awassa region to Drought (BREAD)

Pays : Ethiopie

Numéro du projet : GB-GOV-13-FUND—GCRF-NE_P004830_1

Organismes de mise en œuvre : University of Aberdeen

Durée : Actual Start 30 Apr 2016 // 30 Jun 2018

Présentation partielle
Droughts in Sub-Saharan Africa have been exacerbated by the current El Niño event, resulting in well publicised risks of famine in the worst affected regions and food shortages elsewhere. This project will combine data collected in the Awassa region of Ethiopia before, during and after the current El Niño to quantify the impacts to locally produced food and farmer livelihoods. Our primary aim will be to assess biophysical interventions that promoted resilient food production during this El Niño event, with a strong social sciences input so that societal acceptance and impacts of beneficial interventions can be assessed. We have assembled a UK-Ethiopia project team with long-standing expertise working in the region. It involves experts in all aspects of natural, economic and social sciences. We will test two over-arching hypotheses : (1) the short term extreme drought associated with the current El Niño will have a long term impact on communities, their farming systems and their soils ; and (2) resilience to this drought can only be built through interventions that consider both biophysical and socio-economic factors. A major intervention that we will explore is sustainable soil management through organic residue incorporation, taking into account resource conflicts with animal feed and household fuel use that worsen during times of extreme drought. We explore the knock-on impacts of land management to the availability of green water (stored in soil) and blue water (abstracted from ground and surface water sources). Further data on soil fertility will be measured across a range of 36 case-study farms located within two districts that are different distances from water supplies. The project will allow for crop and soil data collected for two years before the current El Niño to be supplemented with continued measurements of post-drought resilience. Previous data were collected in the ESPA funded project ’Alternative Carbon Investments in Ecosystems for Poverty Alleviation’. Modelling of crop and soil responses will allow us to upscale the impacts of land management interventions. Our outputs will be translated into outcomes through engagement with farmers, local and regional government and other stakeholders, both throughout the research and once the research is complete. As recently as December 2015, we met directly with these stakeholders, using well-established networks developed by our Ethiopian partners

Financement : UK - Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
Project budget : £246,002

Présentation (UKAID)

Page publiée le 29 octobre 2022