Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

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1996

Physic nut, Jatropha curcas L.

Bioversity International

Titre : Physic nut, Jatropha curcas L.

Journal or Series : Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops

Auteur(s) : Joachim Heller
Editeur : Bioversity International
Date de parution : 1996
Pages : 66

Présentation
This tropical crop is native to Mexico and Central America, but is cultivated in many other Latin American, Asian and African countries as a hedge. It has become of interest to various development agencies because it adapts well to semiarid marginal sites, its oil can be processed for use as a diesel fuel and it can be used for erosion control. This monograph has chapters covering the following aspects of J. curcas : names of the species and taxonomy ; botanical description ; origin and centre of diversity ; properties (toxicology) ; uses (whole plant and food/fodder, medicine, plant protectant and molluscicide, technical uses, diesel fuel and other uses) ; genetic resources (existing genetic variation, conservation) ; breeding (objectives, method and selection based on provenance trials) ; production areas ; ecology ; agronomy (growth and development, propagation methods and pests and diseases) ; limitations of the crop ; prospects ; and research needs. There are appendices listing (I) research contacts, centres of crop research, breeding and plant genetic resources of physic nut and (II) publications of Proyecto Biomasa, DINOT/UNI, Nicaragua. (Abstract © CAB ABSTRACTS, CAB International)

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