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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2021 → Smart-streetscape elements as a sustainable approach for generating renewable energy and reducing the roads carbon emissions in Egyptian cities

Technische Universität Berlin (2021)

Smart-streetscape elements as a sustainable approach for generating renewable energy and reducing the roads carbon emissions in Egyptian cities

Rushdy Moussa Moawad, Rania

Titre : Smart-streetscape elements as a sustainable approach for generating renewable energy and reducing the roads carbon emissions in Egyptian cities

Auteur : Rushdy Moussa Moawad, Rania

Université de soutenance : Technische Universität Berlin

Grade : Doktor der Philosophie- Dr. phil. – 2021

Résumé partiel
The energy supply, especially the electricity supply become more recently the backbone of all modern industrial, information and service societies, the global energy consumption has doubled in the last three decades of the past century. The world started since then to take actions facing the shortage of non-renewable fuel resources and investigating solutions relying on renewable resources. Researches were conducted to solve the shortage of non-renewable fuel resources and replaced it with renewable resources as a way for creating sustainable neighbourhood. Creating sustainable neighbourhood was the concern of researchers in the past few years with many studies addressing their social, economic and environmental parameters. The main concern of this research is that the neighbourhoods in the developing countries such as Egypt produce a high level of carbon emissions. The level of carbon emissions in these countries is increasing with very high rates due to the heavy use of fossil fuels. Countries with a high use of renewable energy have a lower carbon energy mix, while countries with a high use of coal have much higher carbon intensity than the global average. In addition to that, these countries are facing a shortage in their basic needs for power supply due to urban and economic expansion. The governments of the developing countries can’t provide the power demand to the community and that conducts a lack of electricity in many neighbourhoods and districts. Relying on non-renewable sources is not a solution for these countries. Reducing road carbon emissions and creating sustainable neighbourhoods is the scope of this research. Reduction of carbon emission will be examined in this research using “Smart-Streetscape elements (SSSE)” which are, as defined in this research, an innovative method that integrates renewable energy (RE) devices with streetscape elements. Smart-Streetscape elements will reduce the carbon emissions produced in roads using short term and long term strategies. Reducing CO2 emissions in the short term will be achieved by controlling the energy reduction and energy generation using RE devices to generate clean and effect energy suitable for generating electricity for street lighting and public facilities. Reducing CO2 emissions in the long term is achievable by creating the infrastructure needed for electric vehicles to operate efficiently and by providing an infrastructure and power supply for electric spencer’s which is used to charge the electric vehicles. This will encourage residents to use electric vehicles instead of fuel vehicles, especially that fuel prices are higher than electricity prices.

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