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Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2017)

The role of farmers’ indigenous knowledge in integrated termites management strategies - a case of Nedjo District, West Wellega, Ethiopia

Deressa, A.A

Titre : The role of farmers’ indigenous knowledge in integrated termites management strategies - a case of Nedjo District, West Wellega, Ethiopia

Auteur : Deressa, A.A

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Master in Management of Development, specialisation Rural Development and Food Security 2017

Résumé
This research looks at the role of Farmers’ Indigenous Knowledge (FIK) in integrated termite management strategies in Nedjo district, West wellega, Ethiopia. The study aims to document and better understand indigenous farmers’ knowledge and experiences on termite infestation and its controlling methods, to assist Bako Agricultural Engineering Research Centre in developing integrated termite management strategies in Nedjo District.

The study employed a research strategy using both desk and case studies for primary data and secondary data. The data was collected through individual interviews, key informant interview, FGD, PRA and observation. The semi-structured interview guide, topic lists and PRA tools were used to collect the primary data. The collected data was grouped, summarised, discussed and interpreted by theme based on the findings from observation, semi-structured interview and focus group discussion qualitatively.

The study found that farmers have a good knowledge and understanding of when termite started in the area and causes of termite infestation. Farmers know the place and time of termite infestation and the reasons for the infestation. They differentiate between different termite species, the damage they do to crops, and types of methods to be applied for the different species.

The main causes of termite infestation were said to be deforestation, overgrazing and inappropriate soil and water conservation practices. Farmers mentioned that the severity of termite infestation became more serious as a result of land degradation and increased soil acidity. Farmers emphasised that poor soil and water conservation practices contribute to land degradation.

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