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Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2010)

Impact study of HLP extension package on grape production in terms of farm income in Kabul province, Afghanistan

Nasery Tooryalay

Titre : Impact study of HLP extension package on grape production in terms of farm income in Kabul province, Afghanistan

Auteur : Nasery Tooryalay

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Masters Degree in Management of Development, Specialization in International Agriculture and Food Security 2010

Résumé partiel
Mirbachakot District of Kabul Afghanistan is one of the grape production areas in Afghanistan. The farmers are suffering from different grape production and marketing problems which made their life difficult. After the 3 decades of war HLP [Horticulture and Livestock Project] a World Bank funded project under the over all guidance of MAIL [Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock] has established the farmer organizations as a unit of intervention and introduced the package of extension services. The extension package includes the application of lime sulfur in late winter in order to prevent fungal diseases in grape vineyards and improve the quality and quantity of grapes.

The objective of this research was to assess the effect of HLP extension package on quality and quantity improvement of grapes in terms of farm income and its impact on farmer’s livelihood as well as to what extend the grapes has joined the export market. I was surprised when HLP Team Leader introduced me to their responsible staff of Mirbachakot and when I had meeting with the District Extension Officer of Mirbachakot to help me in data collection ; they were my classmates in university. The result shows that the grape production has been increased by 61% after HLP intervention but the price has become lower from 17.3 Afs/Kg by average 2.5 Afs/Kg. The reasons for lower price are indicated as : 1, the export traders are facing more problems in Pakistan border. 2, the exchange value of Pakistani rupees versus Afghani has been reduced in 2009. 3, more supply than demand in domestic market and 4, no existence of proper raisin making factories.

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