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Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2010)

Exploring livelihood strategies after resettlement : a case study of Chidzikwe resettlement area in Masvingo District of Zimbabwe

Mugari Eliphas

Titre : Exploring livelihood strategies after resettlement : a case study of Chidzikwe resettlement area in Masvingo District of Zimbabwe

Auteur : Mugari Eliphas

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Master of Development, specialization AIDS and Rural Development 2010

Résumé partiel
Information on livelihood strategies in newly resettled areas is not readily available. The department of AGRITEX lacks this information which they need in planning of programmes. This affects its extension delivery in newly resettled areas. It needs to know and understand these livelihood strategies so that service delivery can be enhanced to meet new challenges in newly settled areas. The objective of this study was to identify and analyse the livelihood strategies in newly resettled areas in order to generate insights for policy makers and development practitioners in enhancing service delivery in the resettlement areas.

The study had a qualitative approach based on empirical data and literature. It was conducted in Chidzikwe area in Masvingo District of Masvingo Province in Zimbabwe. A checklist for the interviews was developed. In this case study, four male headed households and four female headed households were interviewed. Four key informants were interviewed also. Two focus group discussions were held in the same village with each group having women only and the other one having men only. The rationale in splitting the respondents into two sets was because female headed households are now a common phenomenon in many parts of the country but at times they are left out of many programmes. The key aspects which this study focused on were assets, livelihood strategies and diversification, service providers in the area, livelihood outcomes and livelihood vulnerability.

Information collected was analysed using a conceptual framework adopted from the sustainable livelihood approaches. It was seen that female headed households have a higher dependency ratio than male headed households. Male headed households had more migrants in their ranks than female headed households. Household members moved to other areas in search of other livelihood opportunities. On land tenure, farmers had certificates of occupancy instead of title deeds which made it difficult for them when seeking loans. The resettlement land tenure showed no difference from that in communal areas and the land was still under state jurisdiction. Households reported having water problems as their community borehole was constantly breaking down. Social networks were evident in the village although villagers still maintained close social ties with their relatives and colleagues in their communal areas of origin.

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Page publiée le 29 novembre 2022