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Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2010)

Assesment of the difficulties faced by women cooperatives : the case of Malga district, Sidama zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia

Abebe Tesfaye

Titre : Assesment of the difficulties faced by women cooperatives : the case of Malga district, Sidama zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia

Auteur : Abebe Tesfaye

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Master of Management of Development, Specialization in Social inclusion, Gender and Rural Livelihood 2010

Résumé partiel
This study has attempted to contribute to the research gap observed in studies related to unsuccessfulness of women cooperatives. It was conducted taking the case of Malaga district, Sideman zone Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Regional States (SNNPR) of Ethiopia. To this end, the study assessed the demographic, institutional, individual and environmental factors of sampled cooperatives members of both women and men at district level through qualitative research methods.

Five cooperatives were selected purposely out of which four cooperatives were from unsuccessful womens cooperatives and one from strongly functioned men dominant cooperative. Totally five cooperatives have participated, out of the total number of 144 populations, 31 sampled respondents were selected by using systematic random sampling method. The data was collected by using semi-structured questionnaire and also includes ; focused group discussion, key informant, document review and direct observation. Focus group discussion comprising of 10 members and key informants involving 5 officials of the district cooperative promotion office were selected purposely.

The results of the study discovered that women were subject to Demographical, institutional, individual, environmental, specially socio-cultural and economical influences. These influences finally lead to passive participation in cooperatives. The community perceives that women are not capable of expressing themselves in public, deciding independently, and caring out activities except the household routines. Economically they are dependent on their husbands and even if they have their own income source, it will be monopolized by their husbands and they cannot use it to buy shares in cooperatives. As women also spend most of their time doing the household activities ; they don’t have plenty of time to engage themselves in cooperatives. In addition, women were not aware of the working principles and benefits of cooperatives. They only listened to rumors from their neighbors or friends and were not well informed about it. This is mainly because of illiteracy and lack of convenient information source or media.

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