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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2010 → Factors associated with exclusion of girls from middle and high Schools in Rodat district, Nangarhar province of Afghanistan

Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2010)

Factors associated with exclusion of girls from middle and high Schools in Rodat district, Nangarhar province of Afghanistan

Munsif NUH

Titre : Factors associated with exclusion of girls from middle and high Schools in Rodat district, Nangarhar province of Afghanistan

Auteur : Munsif NUH

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Professional Masters in Management of Development, specialization Social Inclusion Gender and Rural Livelihoods 2010

Résumé _ This study was a qualitative study conducted to identify the factors associated with exclusion of girls from secondary education in Rodat district of Nangarhar province, Afghanistan. The study area is continuously affected by wars and drought. All the infrastructures especially educational institutions are damaged and destroyed. Girls’ education is strictly in bad condition because of insecurity and other challenges. Both primary and secondary sources were used for collection of relevant data for the research study.

A desk study was used to review available literature on the topic and for soliciting theories from journals, books, reports, and other researches conducted before to understand more about the subject. Field study was done through one to one interviews and focus group discussions which is in depth approach of data collection, which was necessary in this research so as to get more fundamental information for analytical description on the responses, attitudes, values, feelings and aspirations of respondents about education. It was also used to get more understanding of gender differences, feelings, and reactions among the respondents.

Gender inequality in education sector can be clearly seen in Rodat district. Girls are deprived of getting educational opportunities. The findings concludes that the constraints for girls in Rodat district, who are not enrolling in Middle or high schools and have never got any education comparing with those who have ever attended schools and got a part of education but not completely are more or less similar. The main factors hindering girls from middle and high school were insecurity and safety, lack of female teachers & separate school building for girls, inappropriate school environment, loud of household and farm activities on girls, early marriage, and poverty.

Further more, girls who never attended or drop out from school because of family prohibition and restrictions don’t know about the importance of education and were not aware about their rights. Education which is their legal right therefore they are deprived from. Parents do not understand the economical benefits of sending their girls to school and the perceived lack of employment opportunities is a significant long-term barrier to girls’ completion of school. Finally, relying up on the interviews in Rodat District and the literatures reviewed, the study emphasized that public Awareness programs about importance of Girls education & gender equity, taking action against cultural constraints of girls education, hiring and training female teachers, constructing school near to residential areas, and establishment of parents associations will reduce the level of above problem . In order to successfully implement the above strategies, education directorate and NGOs should invest in the education sector

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