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Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2010)

Use of guidelines and strategies in farmer training centers : a case study of Shebdino district in Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia

Belay Tsehaynesh Kidane

Titre : Use of guidelines and strategies in farmer training centers : a case study of Shebdino district in Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia

Auteur : Belay Tsehaynesh Kidane

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Masters in Management of Development (MoD) Specialization : Training Rural Extension and Transformation 2010

Résumé
Ethiopian agriculture is characterized by conventional and survival farming system and access to modern technology and fundamental education is very limited (MoFED, 2003). One of the strategies to implement an agricultural extension system effectively is capacity building of farmers and pastoralists through training. Farmers Training Centers (FTCs) are institutions which play a major role in the upgrading of skills, attitudes and knowledge of male and female farmers and pastoralists. The main objective of FTCs is to provide practical training. However, many FTCs focus on theoretical rather than practical training and the problem with that was this type of training has a negative effect on the overall skill and knowledge of trainee farmers. Therefore, there arose a need to conduct a research. The objective of this research is to explore and recommend the possible options to make FTCs trainings more practical. The research was carried out as a case study in two FTCs within two sites (Howolso and Remda) of Shebdino district in SNNPR. The respondents who have participated in semi-structured interviews were one district extension expert, from two sites 6 Development Agents (DAs) and 40 farmers (16 of them are female farmers 2 of them are untrained). Based on the checklist, PRA tools used to extract data including focus group discussion, observations were also done in addition to the individual interviews. According to the findings, DAs have difficulties to organize training according to the set standards/guidelines for a variety of reasons. This has led to trainings, which were only moderately appreciated by farmers who had been trained there, and hence, numbers of trainees has been observed decreasing over the course of training. What DAs did instead to make farmers training bit more practical, was to make use of alternative strategies, such as visiting model farmers’ farms, district demonstration sites and school farms.

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