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Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2011)

An assessment of men and women farmers’ accessibility to governmental agriculture extension program : a case of Arghakhanchi district, Nepal

Magar Santa Bahadur Gharti

Titre : An assessment of men and women farmers’ accessibility to governmental agriculture extension program : a case of Arghakhanchi district, Nepal

Auteur : Magar Santa Bahadur Gharti

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Master Degree in Management of Development Specialization : Rural Development and Gender Wageningen, the Netherlands, 2011

Résumé _ The study assesses whether the governmental agriculture extension program was accessible equitably for both men and women farmers. The study was conducted in Dhikura VDC of the Arghakhanchi district of Nepal. The study consisted of the sample of fifteen women farmers and fifteen men farmers. Household survey, interview and gender analysis approach(group exercise) were the main means of collecting primary data along with desk study for secondary data. In the study agriculture group were found to be formed in the initiation of local political leader instead of extension workers. Women farmers joined the agriculture group with the purpose of getting credits and incentives such as seed kit whereas men farmers’ purpose was to get other extension services such as trainings. Farmers were found to get social as well as economic benefits from the group such as sharing ideas, acquiring new knowledge and increasing family income. The study showed higher coverage of women farmers in agriculture groups but there was less women’s participation in overall governmental extension program than men farmers in some exceptions such as Integrated Pest Management (IMP) Farmer’s Field School. It was found that women had the whole working day with dual roles in farm activities as well as household activities. It suggested that to increase women farmers’ access to extension activities, the extension should be focused to reduce women’s work load for example to promote low cost handy machinery for example paddle rice thresher. Similarly, the result also showed the differences in extent of men and women farmers’ involvement in making decisions in various farming activities and household activities. The findings suggested that women can participate in the activities which can address the subject area that was directly dependent upon women’s decision for example such as for crop storage, poultry rearing.The result showed many indirect ways of communication through which farmers received advices on agricultural matters such as from extension workers, husband/wife, neighbor/friend and relatives. On the other hand, more than fifty percent of women were not found to be visited by any extension workers. Farmers (both men and women) were not found to be satisfied with the current extension services delivery system because the most of the time extension workers were not present in the field level extension offices, timing of the activities were not suitable and message content were out of interest. Number of field level extension offices and extension agents was also found to be inadequate. In fact, agriculture extension program activities were not women friendly. Although women farmer preferred the female extension workers but all the extension workers employed in the field were only men, which was the considerable factor making women farmers hesitant to take part in extension program. Frequency of contacts made to women farmers was less as compared to men farmers. Also, the result revealed the fact that woman farmers were not encouraged to participate in extension activities by heavy household work load or due to taking care of children along with inappropriate timing, venue and message topic, lack of incentive for women constrained women farmers from participating in the extension program. Moreover, the study findings showed overall agriculture extension services in the district were not adequate and not delivered equitably instead it was lopsided towards male farmers. This study suggests that the agriculture extension program should address the specific needs, preferences and interest of the men and women farmers for its equitable accessibility.

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Page publiée le 21 novembre 2022