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Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2010)

The causes of conflicts among rural communities of district Archi, Afghanistan : a reference to irrigation water management

Ahmad Wasil

Titre : The causes of conflicts among rural communities of district Archi, Afghanistan : a reference to irrigation water management

Auteur : Ahmad Wasil

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Master in Management of Development with specialization in Training Rural Extension and Transformation 2010

Résumé
During last few decades of war conflict and tribal structure of Afghanistan has completely destroyed the infrastructure especially in rural areas. Recently, in the situation of rural communities in district Archi, there are some major conflicts that have greatly disturbed every kind of developmental activities and have also caused human injuries, loss of lives and properties. These conflicts always got the color of violence such as ; inter-religious misunderstandings and disagreements, political, land and water distribution among rural community peoples, economic tensions, intolerance, injustice of the local elites and other community elders, discrimination, ethnic supremacy, political challenges, competition on scarce resources, wrong perception about NGO’s, teaching of modern knowledge, cultural practices, land ownership, misuse of Islamic Knowledge, childhood or forced marriages and corruption in project implementation. Corruptions and untimely implementation of water management projects, lack of Islamic knowledge, ethnicity, Arbab’s, Mullah’s and Wakeel / Mirab has played a great role in community water management conflict ; Wakeel / Mirab is giving irrigation water to the farmers belong to the same ethnic group without have to wait for his own turn and also the local elites like Arbab’s and Mulla’s are doing the same because of their power use. During project implementation most of the organizations are prioritizing projects proposed by the local elites like Mullah’s and Arbab’s. During conflicts, economic activities can hardly be seen ; children’s were not going to schools, females were not allowed to go and teach in schools or other literacy courses from Taliban side if they are doing against their order then they are receiving physical punishment. Due to the continuous war conflict between Taliban with government and international community the whole area is looking like a graveyard, also physical assaults and human lives lost, properties and houses were destroyed. The lack or because of the limited capacity of the government to maintain successful judicial structures and systems, rural district Archi relied on community based conflict resolution structures such as Islamic Sharia, Shura, Jirga and Jirga “Bramtha” for which the holy places like Mosques and big guests houses are used. Mullahs are giving religious approval to any decisions. When the local mechanism for conflict resolution is going to fail, other organizations are getting involved but they are mainly focusing on immediate problem solution.

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Page publiée le 18 novembre 2022