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Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2011)

Affected household livelihoods in the wake of HIV and AIDS in rural Namibia : case of Odibo village, Ohangwena region

Mbandi Johanna

Titre : Affected household livelihoods in the wake of HIV and AIDS in rural Namibia : case of Odibo village, Ohangwena region

Auteur : Mbandi Johanna

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Master of Development, Specialization : Rural Development and HIV/AIDS 2011

Résumé
HIV/AIDS epidemic continue to ravage countries all around Southern Africa, with Namibia being most affected. The current HIV prevalence in Namibia is 18.8%, with more adult between the ages of 15 to 59 HIV infected. With the deepening of HIV/AIDS in Namibia, the household livelihoods in rural areas have been severely affected. Increasing the number of orphans, numbers of deaths and illness in households have also increased. As result draining household resources living them vulnerable to hunger and starvation. This study aimed at identifying the main livelihoods of male and female headed households affected by AIDS within Odibo village of Oshikango constituency. More specifically intended to analyze changes in the livelihood of male and female headed households affected by AIDS and also examine the local supports available for affected households.

A sample of 20 questionnaires was administered to 11 female headed households and 9 male headed households. About four case studies with in-depth interview, purposely selected from the survey of two female headed households and two female headed households were interviewed. The study also interview four key informants, the health worker, home based care coordinator and two volunteers in the village. The data was analyse through SPSS. The results showed that many of the households were headed by elderly people ; this shows a high dependency ratio in the study area. All interviewed households are engaging in cultivation of crops as their main livelihood, with pension and orphan foster grant the three most important livelihoods of the affected households. Other livelihood activities are income generating activities, harvesting of natural resources and few households engaging in livestock keeping. The study reveals that most of the households care for orphans, with female headed household reported to have more orphans than male headed households. Households reported to spent more of their money on food, followed by school fees and transport, less money reported to been spent on medication because Namibia government provide free medication for all HIV infected people and elderly above the age of 60.

Most of the households reported a change in their livelihood as result of illness/deaths related to HIV/AIDS. However, most of the households also indicated that mortality and morbidity as result of AIDS are compounded by the climate change such as floods had destroyed crops, contributing to increased poverty and food insecurity in the households. From the results it is evident that the social capital plays a major role as in supporting households affected by HIV/AIDS. Therefore this study recommends short term interventions for affected households ; strengthening of home base care and strategies that provides for income generating activities to reduce poverty among the HIV/AIDS affected households

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