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Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2011)

Perceptions of Jordanian bedouins in northern Badia of precipitation and local knowledge among their expressions

Alshedeifat ,Nizar Mustafa Rashed

Titre : Perceptions of Jordanian bedouins in northern Badia of precipitation and local knowledge among their expressions

Auteur : Alshedeifat ,Nizar Mustafa Rashed

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Master of Development, Specialization Rural Development and communication 2011

Résumé
The research was conducted in the Northern Jordanian Badia. The research found out how the Northern Jordanian Bedouins perceptions towards precipitation ; and exploring how this local knowledge is, in perceiving precipitation, valuable, conveyed, and means of communication all over northern Jordan Badia by Bedouin. The local knowledge term concerning precipitation, has been used exchangeable with terms, which refer to the cumulative experiences in the community.
The research has been done by conducting, a checklist questions among fifteen Bedouin elders. The snow ball method has been used through asking each elderly, to name experts of local knowledge concerning precipitation. There were limitations in applying the snow ball method, found in literatures. Therefore, limitations were taken into consideration. In addition, an expert with different interdisciplinary relevant to research problem has been interviewed.
The research also draws upon reviewing a secondary data relevant to the research problem, which provides solid background, and made findings credible. It’s covered the local knowledge concept ; characteristics ; types ; the importance of local knowledge, to development and the myths as instrument save and transmit the local knowledge.
Furthermore, the secondary data had been used to reviewing the perception of precipitations. About factors shaping perception and the precipitation prediction signs, founded among previous literatures like atmospheric pattern’s, celestial bodies, birds, and animals. Bedouin concept also reviewed in a different point of view.
The findings showed that knowledgeable elders have listed the local winter calendar in Northern Badia. They memorize( ailol “gridan “, tasarin “qran 17 “ , kanun awl “qiran 13”,kanun tani “qirn 11” , s’bat “qiran 9”, adar “sbaici “,Naisan “khamis”,ayyar “Jumada “,huzzairan “klash “ ) . Meanwhile, in their folk calendar , they divided the year into four periods ( thalath qaid , thalath sufri , ashtweyyah , and thalatha rabic ). Furthermore, winter is divided into Alskmsaniaya and Almurbaniya.

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