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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2011 → Increasing crop productivity : from the prospects of new community-based institutional settings in irrigation management : a case study of Surkhrud Dobandi canal, Nanagarhar, Afghanistan

Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2011)

Increasing crop productivity : from the prospects of new community-based institutional settings in irrigation management : a case study of Surkhrud Dobandi canal, Nanagarhar, Afghanistan

Habib-ur-Rehman

Titre : Increasing crop productivity : from the prospects of new community-based institutional settings in irrigation management : a case study of Surkhrud Dobandi canal, Nanagarhar, Afghanistan

Auteur : Habib-ur-Rehman

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Master of Development, Specialization Rural Development and Food Security 2011

Résumé
In Afghanistan on-farm irrigation water is managed through informal community based irrigation system. Recently in January, 2011 process of formalization of community based irrigation management initiated in parts of Afghanistan including the Dobandi kanal, Surkhrod district, in eastern region. It was to build a formal setup of community based irrigation system. The informal traditional irrigation system is no more effective in the maintenance and operation of irrigation system. It has limited the accessibility of irrigation water at field level. It is not effective through proper operation and maintenance of irrigation infrastructure to ensure equitable access of water to famers along the canal (up/mid/downstream) In the study the formal setup of community based irrigation management system were studied and possible impact of formalization in the irrigation water accessibility through better operation and maintenances of irrigation structure and its ultimate impact on the crop productivity in the command area of IA. While assessing it is observed that the formal institutional setup of IA answers the questions in the accessibility of irrigation water and potential of crop productivity at the farm level, which community based informal irrigation management was unable to solve. It is revealed that through IA setup the farmers have better access to irrigation water in their farms through better management of irrigation infrastructure maintenance and operations along the canal. The setup of IA has overcome the basic constrains which traditional community based irrigation system was unable to solve in the current circumstances, particularly the operation and maintenance of irrigation infrastructure. With limited access of irrigation water, it has ultimately badly affected the farm crop productivity. But still IA setup has few shortcoming which based on the finding is substantial for the improvement of access of irrigation water to farmers at their farm gate

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