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Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2011)

The role of community development councils in rural development projects : the case of the Farza District, Kabul, Afghanistan

Wardak Farhad

Titre : The role of community development councils in rural development projects : the case of the Farza District, Kabul, Afghanistan

Auteur : Wardak Farhad

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Master of Development, Specialization Rural Development and Communication 2011

Résumé
NSP plays a vital role in provision of development activities in the rural areas of Afghanistan. Being closest to the rural people and central through the participatory development, NSP initiated CDCs in the village level. This research is basically designed to analyze the CDC role and participation in the rural development and to find out the community members’ participation extent in CDCs activities in development projects in Farza district of Kabul province.

The study focuses on the role and participation of CDC and community members in the development projects in two villages (Qala-e-Mirza and Qala-e-Mirha) of abovementioned district. Following a case study of CDC role in the development projects in the abovementioned district, the researcher applied accumulative methodology including : collecting of data from a sample of 14 Community members, 10 CDC members representing two CDC in two villages of Farza district and 1 government official in the district level and 5 officials of development agencies which were involved in development activities in the district.

According to CDC member’s socio-economic profiles, indicates that CDC members are from those groups who have high socio-economic strata of rural community, who lived among the people in the village and have some experience of leadership. So from the above information it gets clear that CDCs are largely dominated by traditional elites and warlords. However, on the other hand some of the CDC members are belonging to small landholding groups, some of them are young and energetic but comparatively the education level is too low even illiterate. So generally according to the data majority of CDC members are belonging to a group, who are either having medium landholders or large landholders and majority of them are having either medium income of high income groups. It appears that CDCs are dominated by the warlords and elite’s people of the village, so the data validate the hypothesis of this study that CDC are dominated by elites and warlords.

What it purposes paradoxically, is that in order to be an effective instrument of change, they must linked themselves with the other governmental organs such as : MAIL, MoE, MoPH, MoPE, and MoIA and obtain their support in order to be a stable institutions in the local level. And they must create good relations and linkages with other development and donor agencies also they must have endogenous ability in order to be able to serve greatly heterogeneous village demands

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