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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2012 → How to make agricultural extension services more effective in responding to the needs of female-headed households farmers : case of Svosve communal area in Marondera District, Zimbabwe

Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (2012)

How to make agricultural extension services more effective in responding to the needs of female-headed households farmers : case of Svosve communal area in Marondera District, Zimbabwe

Matsika Evelyn

Titre : How to make agricultural extension services more effective in responding to the needs of female-headed households farmers : case of Svosve communal area in Marondera District, Zimbabwe

Auteur : Matsika Evelyn

Université de soutenance : Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Master of Management of Development, Specialization Rural Development and Gender (RDG) 2012

Résumé _ This study has the purpose to find out how AGRITEX, s extension methods and content can meet the needs of female headed households’ farmers. Extension services provided by AGRITEX to FHH farmers do not meet their needs. So, it is important to adjust all farmer programmes to be tailored to meet the FHH farmers’ needs. Low involvement of female headed households’ farmers in extension activities hampers extension service delivery system whose aim is to advice farmers on good farming techniques that can be adapted by farmers so that they obtain higher yields and make them food secure thereby improve their livelihoods. Svosve communal area was rated to have low participation of female headed households in agricultural extension services. The purpose of the study was to explore how AGRITEX can make agricultural extension methods and content additional effective at some stage in responding to the requirements of female - headed households’ farmers.

The research conducted combines both desk and case study. Its focus was on qualitative information. Inorder to collect in-depth data interviews were done with the help of a checklist with a list of topics. 20 female - headed households’ farmers were divided into two categories, 10 de-jure 10 de-facto female- headed households’ farmers. The de-jure FHH farmers were the households that are headed by female farmers who were single, widowed or divorced, while the de-facto were the households headed by those women farmers who were associated with an adult male who supports the family through remittances. The two groups were chosen to see whether they use diverse strategies when growing crops mainly focusing on inputs that are used during maize production.

Focus group discussions, individual interviews, observations and AGRITEX reports were used to collect the primary data. The use of one on one household interview was found to be useful to collect data for quantity of maize harvested and types of assets those households’ possess. Direct observations and further probing made respondents giving the required information whose interviews yielded information on the constraints that make them not attending to extension activities

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