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Universiteit Leiden (2022)

The Oil of the 21st Century : The role of transboundary water agreements in preventing violent conflict in the Nile and Yarmouk River basin

Koning, Sammie

Titre : The Oil of the 21st Century : The role of transboundary water agreements in preventing violent conflict in the Nile and Yarmouk River basin

Auteur : Koning, Sammie

Université de soutenance : Universiteit Leiden

Grade : Master thesis | Crisis and Security Management (MSc) 2022

Résumé
Freshwater is an essential yet scarce good, that is predicted to only become scarcer because of climate change and growing populations. In addition, freshwater in rivers is often shared between multiple countries. Despite multiple predictions by scholars and experts, states often do not go to war over freshwater. Instead, most disputes end in the signing of a treaty. However, these treaties are not always fair and do not, actually, always end conflict. In the view of this research, treaties are merely a way in which states fight, without using violence, and should thus be seen as a part of ongoing conflict, rather than the end of it. In addition, despite theoretical predictions, international organisations do not play a large role in the creation of River Basin Organisations and neither do hydrohegemons.

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Page publiée le 26 novembre 2022