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National University of Science and Technology (NUST) 2022

Plant diversity and vegetation patterns in the north of the Kaokoland endemic centre, Iona national park

António, Telmo Ernesto Meneses

Titre : Plant diversity and vegetation patterns in the north of the Kaokoland endemic centre, Iona national park

Auteur : António, Telmo Ernesto Meneses

Université de soutenance : Namibia University of Science and Technology

Grade : Master of Natural Resources Management 2022

Résumé partiel
Angola has high biodiversity, representing the second-largest ecoregional diversity in Africa, with 7 biomes, 15 ecoregions, 22 vegetation types, and 4 regional centres of endemism. The first studies on the distribution, composition and classification of vegetation in Angola at a national level were part of the floristic exploration and scientific missions during the colonial time. The Kaokoveld Desert and Namib Escarpment Woodlands are ecoregions represented in Iona National Park. Few vegetation or ethnobotanical studies were done in the south of Namibe province, where the oldest park of Angola is located : Iona National Park. Himba community are semi-nomadic herders, they move with their herds both on a daily and seasonal basis, according to fodder availability. This is reflected in a long deep traditional ecological knowledge, cultural heritage developed. Information on plant species and the distribution of vegetation types is an essential baseline for conservation management and planning of the natural resources for any country. This research aims to study the spatial patterns of the vegetation, as well as the use of the plants by the communities in Iona National Park, in Namibe province, southern Angola, as well as the potential that plants present for the economy and tourism. Vegetation data were obtained using sample plots and all the species that were seen in the field during the trips were recorded.

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Page publiée le 27 novembre 2022