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St. Paul’s University (2020)

The role of small-scale stone quarrying on women’s livelihoods : a study at Kwa v area, Kirinyaga, Kenya

Wamuyu, Keziah

Titre : The role of small-scale stone quarrying on women’s livelihoods : a study at Kwa v area, Kirinyaga, Kenya

Auteur : Wamuyu, Keziah

Université de soutenance : St. Paul’s University

Grade : Masters of Development Studies 2020

Résumé
This dissertation presents results of a survey conducted from a sample of one hundred women at Kwa V Stone quarry in February 2020 to investigate : the economic benefits that women derive from the small-scale quarry stone mine at Kwa V, the challenges that women encounter during their day to day activities working at Kwa V quarry, the alternative economic opportunities for female quarry workers at Kwa V stone quarry, and the challenges that women working at Kwa V quarry encounter pursuing identified alternative economic opportunities. The research used mixed-methods research in which both qualitative and quantitative data were collected and analyzed. A questionnaire with both open-and-closed ended questions was used to collect data. The pre-tested questionnaire was administered in person with the help of trained research assistants. Data from open-ended questions were analyzed using content analysis to identify emerging themes. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results showed that women engage diverse activities ranging blasting stones to crushing stones to ballast for income. Female quarry workers invested in various ways, namely, building financial base through participation in table banking, leasing land for cultivation to diversify income assets, purchasing physical assets, investing in educating their children, and also, meeting day-to-day basic needs. Challenges informal female quarry workers encountered largely comprised illnesses associated with quarrying such as injuries by sharp stones, and falling in the empty quarry pits. A few proportions of women were involved in alternative livelihoods, mainly small businesses, and leasing land for farming. Challenges encountered with alternative livelihoods included lack of capital, lack of skills to sustain the businesses and lack of money to lease for farming activities. Findings of this study have important implications to public health interventions required to support informal female quarry workers to mitigate health risks associated with stone quarrying.

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Page publiée le 10 décembre 2022