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St. Paul’s University (2019)

Water Conflicts in Tiaty Sub-County, Baringo County, Kenya : implications for Security in the Central Rift Region

Kamotho, James Gathere

Titre : Water Conflicts in Tiaty Sub-County, Baringo County, Kenya : implications for Security in the Central Rift Region

Auteur : Kamotho, James Gathere

Université de soutenance : St. Paul’s University

Grade : Masters of Development Studies 2019

Résumé
In Kenya, and in many places around the world today, water conflicts are beginning to emerge. This thesis takes cognizance of the fact that in the recent past, as shown through a number of examples cited herein, water conflicts that may threaten the security of certain regions and the nation at large, have emerged. This study focused on Tiaty sub-County in Baringo County, since events in the past few years have revealed contestations over water that have exploded into armed conflicts and as a result threatened the security of this area. It was guided by three objectives namely : To assess the nature and extent of water conflicts in Tiaty, sub-County ; to establish which coping strategies have been applied so far by various stakeholders ; to assess which challenges are associated with these coping strategies in Tiaty, sub-County. The literature review conducted did not show an explicit relationship between water conflicts and the state of security, both at the international and local levels. In most cases, researchers attributed the insecurity to political, social and economic reasons. Other scholars noted that water conflicts were taken so seriously that the warring communities resolved them quickly and amicably. Nevertheless, this study carried out a qualitative study to make its case. With the help of information gathered from key informants, this study was able to ground-truth its intended objectives. The study established that water-related conflicts do exist in Tiaty. It also determined their spatial and temporal extent, which is more frequent and geographically extensive than before. Most importantly, the study established that conservation was one of the methods used to quell or forestall conflicts in Tiaty, sub-County. Some of the methods in use include replanting grass, setting aside conservancies and rangelands. It also found out that illiteracy, inadequate funds and remoteness were some of the challenges facing the implementation of coping strategies. In sum, the study successfully demonstrates that addressing water conflicts through conservation can lead to improved security in Tiaty, sub-County.

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Page publiée le 9 décembre 2022