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St. Paul’s University (2020)

Effects of cattle rustling on community livelihood in Baragoi Sub-County, Samburu County, Kenya

Lekimain, Mercy Jennes

Titre : Effects of cattle rustling on community livelihood in Baragoi Sub-County, Samburu County, Kenya

Auteur : Lekimain, Mercy Jennes

Université de soutenance : St. Paul’s University

Grade : Masters in Development Studies (MDS) 2020

In Baragoi Sub County, there has been a joint effort by different Non-Government Organizations such as Agency for Technical Cooperation and Organization (ACTED), World Vision (WV), International Medical Corps (IMC), religious organizations and both the national and county government to curb cattle rustling. However, peace has still proven elusive. The aim of this study was to establish the effects of cattle rustling on the livelihoods in Baragoi Sub County, Samburu County, Kenya. The specific objectives of the study were to assess the effects of the herd size on community livelihoods of Baragoi Sub-County, Samburu County, Kenya ; to establish the effects of resource access on community livelihoods in Baragoi Sub-County, Samburu County, Kenya and to examine the effects of access to markets on community livelihoods in Baragoi sub-county, Samburu County, Kenya. This study was guided by two main theories : the theory of risk and uncertainty and conflict theory. The target population for the study was 13,284 households within Baragoi sub-County. Using Krejcie and Morgan’s (1970) formula, a sample of 360 households within Baragoi sub-County was obtained. Sampling was done through Purposive Sampling and Simple Random sampling. The data collection methods included : questionnaires, interview schedule and focus group discussions. The qualitative data was analysed by categorizing data into themes and using thematic analysis through discussions, narratives, direct quotes and excerpts. Quantitative data on the other hand was fed in the computer and analysed using SPSS. It generated descriptive statistics like percentages and frequencies which were in form of tables, figures and numbers. It was established that indeed cattle rustling does exists in Baragoi Sub-County as confirmed by 30% of the respondents who indicated the effects were so great. The effects of this activity range from the reduction of the herd size to disruption of their economic and social lives. The study also revealed that cattle rustling interfered with resource use as disclosed by 40% of the respondents. Again, based on findings, it was recommended that the government address the issue of cattle rustling not just from a security perspective, but also from an economic perspective because that is the root cause of cattle rustling. The research generated knowledge on the nature and form as well as the root causes of cattle rustling not only in Baragoi, but also other areas and in so doing ; it will help policy makers, county and national government and scholars in the field of Peace and Security, Law and Administration in generating solutions to the problem.


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