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University of Botswana (2018)

Design and implementation of an automated irrigation control system for optimal water usage and enhanced agricultural productivity

Ncube, Innocent

Titre : Design and implementation of an automated irrigation control system for optimal water usage and enhanced agricultural productivity

Auteur : Ncube, Innocent

Université de soutenance : University of Botswana

Grade Master of Science (MS) in Electrical & Electronic Engineering 2018

Résumé partiel
Irrigation of crops is essential for profitable crop production in most arid regions. The “million dollar” question is : when to water, and how much water is needed ? The answer to this question lies in the development of innovative ways of irrigation control. In most irrigation installations in developing countries, the trend is to irrigate or to water the crop at the farmer’s hunch without relying on scientific data. They do not use accurate data logging systems that gather data about the condition of the crop. This traditional approach of irrigation results in too much or too little water being delivered to the crop resulting in crop stress and reduced yield. This document outlines the design, development and implementation of a ‘smart’ and innovative automatic irrigation control system with Internet capability. The system makes use of accurate scientific methods of finding out if plants need water. If plants are found to be in need of water, the controller automatically triggers the system to deliver the right amounts of water to the crop. The design employs the Internet of Things (IoT) applications to automatically connect and download weather data and weather-forecast information from the OpenWeatherMap Internet server. The OpenWeatherMap is a Meteorological services provider company which is situated in London in the United Kingdom. OpenWeatherMap collects, stores and automatically disseminates on request, weather data about any geographical location in the world over the Internet.

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Page publiée le 18 décembre 2022