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Moi University (2020)

Manifestation of climate change on the livelihoods of women in Kwale County, Kenya

Githogori Wambui, Hellen

Titre : Manifestation of climate change on the livelihoods of women in Kwale County, Kenya

Auteur : Githogori Wambui, Hellen

Université de soutenance : Moi University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) in Development Studies 2020

Résumé partiel
Climate change constitutes one of the development challenges in the 21st century. In Kenya, the formulation of a regulatory framework for enhanced response to climate change hasn’t adequately managed the resulting outcomes. Available studies have indicated that the effects of climate change are widespread, however, this study focused on women as a specific vulnerable group which has been affected by climate change in order to derive appropriate mechanisms of mitigation and adaptation. The purpose of the study was to establish the manifestations of climate change on the livelihoods of women in Kwale County, Kenya. It was guided by the following objectives : to assess the women’s perception of climate change in Kwale County, evaluate the impact of climate change on the livelihoods of the women in Kwale, assess the adaptive strategies to the effects of climate change by the women in Kwale County and determine the challenges encountered in the implementation of the adaptation strategies. The study was based on the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework. A descriptive survey research design was utilized and the target population was 192 women groups that are active in Kwale County each with an average of 10 members. The sample size was determined using Yamane formula and the sampling techniques utilized were simple random and purposive sampling. The instruments of data collection were structured questionnaires, key informant interviews and observation. The quantitative data was subjected to the SPSS program and analyzed using the measures of frequency, percentages, mean and standard deviation. In addition, correlation analysis was done using the Pearson correlation coefficient to determine the strength and direction of the relationship between the effects of climate change and the livelihood outcomes. The Qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis and presented through illustrative quotations. The results established that increase in temperatures at 95%, decrease in rainfall amounts at 89.2% and increased incidences of drought at 96.2% were the highest perceived changes in climate in the study area. These perceived climatic changes were to a great extent negatively affecting the women’s livelihood assests in agriculture, food security, water resources, energy resources and health.

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