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United States International University - Africa (2020)

Financing for Climate Change Adaptation in the Global South : An Analysis of Climate Action in Kenya’s Arid and Semi-Arid Lands 1992-2018

Gathu, Caroline Mwihaki

Titre : Financing for Climate Change Adaptation in the Global South : An Analysis of Climate Action in Kenya’s Arid and Semi-Arid Lands 1992-2018

Auteur : Gathu, Caroline Mwihaki

Université de soutenance : United States International University - Africa

Grade : Master of Arts in International Relations (MIR) 2020

Résumé partiel
Climate change is a global phenomenon that is directly linked to the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Different countries have had varied contributions to the emissions and on the other hand the levels of vulnerability is different as ifs determined by their adaptive capacities. Developed countries have been held as the most responsible for the global warming that has significantly changed the weather patterns across the world. The developing countries on the other hand have borne the brunt of the challenges presented by climate change yet they are the lent contributors to the hazard. Concerted effort is required to address the problems presented by climate change taking into consideration the impacts it has on the vulnerable people in the global society who are majorly located in the developing counties. Climate induced hazard in Kenya’s Arid and Semi-Arid Lands have become more frequent and severe over the last couple of years. As a result of low adaptive capacity of the communities in these areas and implementation of standalone adaptation interventions, these communities continue to face the negative impacts of climate change. Financial resources have been allocated for climate adaptation however a major challenge has been that the authorities have paid more attention to disaster response as opposed to resilience building. The overall objective of this research was to study the financing for climate adaptation within the global south through an analysis of climate action in arid and semi-mid lands of Kenya from 1992-2018. The study sought to assess the tends in financing for climate adaptation in the Global South between 1992 and 2018, to review Kenya’s levels of adaptation to climate change impacts and to evaluate climate action barriers with regard to investments for climate adaptation in Kenya’s ASALs. The study adopted a mix method approach. Secondary data was obtained from climate adaptation financing trends from 1992 to 2018 collected from reports. Questionnaires were used to collect primary data. Respondents were selected using convenient sampling method. Quantitative and qualitative approaches were used for data analysis. To run descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentages, the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 24) was utilized to exhibit the quantitative data as tables and graphs in accordance with the key study questions.

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