Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 2019 → Women’s Empowerment and Fertility in West Africa

University of California Santa Barbara (2019)

Women’s Empowerment and Fertility in West Africa

Banks, Jacqueline Lea

Titre : Women’s Empowerment and Fertility in West Africa

Auteur : Banks, Jacqueline Lea

Université de soutenance : University of California Santa Barbara

Grade : Doctor Philosophy (PhD) in Geography 2019

Résumé partiel
The objective of this dissertation is to challenge a common assumption in demography and a prevailing development narrative that increases in women’s empowerment is a cause of fertility decline. The association between women’s empowerment and fertility is studied with a place-based approach in the context of West Africa where fertility rates are high with much variability, and where “empowerment” may not share the same meaning between researchers and research participants.

In “The Geography of Women’s Empowerment in West Africa”, I test the association between various putative indicators of women’s empowerment contained in the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in West African countries, using multivariate methods to identify classifications of empowerment to see if there is evidence of it as a unidimensional phenomenon. I test for spatial association among the empowerment classification (outcome) and determine if responses to women’s empowerment questions vary significantly geographically across the region.

In “The Role of Men’s and Women’s Agency in Fertility in Dakar, Senegal” I do a more in-depth analysis of the relationship between agency and fertility focusing on Senegal and its capital region, Dakar. Using an iterative, mixed-methods approach I use fieldwork conducted in Dakar to inform the analysis and interpretation of DHS data, using statistical methods. The results of this study show no consistent significant relationship between women’s and men’s agency and either fertility preferences or fertility outcomes. Furthermore, this study sheds light on a cultural ideal and preference favoring cooperative decision-making over individual autonomy among men and women in Dakar.

Présentation et version intégrale

Page publiée le 17 janvier 2023