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University of California Davis (2021)

Pastoral Resiliency and Development : Lessons from Senegal

Woodke, Robert Lee

Titre : Pastoral Resiliency and Development : Lessons from Senegal

Auteur : Woodke, Robert Lee

Université de soutenance : University of California Davis

Grade : Master of Science (MS) in community and Regional Development 2021

Résumé
In this thesis I describe traditional herding strategies of Fulani transhumants in Senegal, and their adaptations to repeated droughts thought to be brought on by anthropogenic climate change. I also describe unique and novel risks associated with pastoralism in the face of these droughts. Furthermore, I attempt to reconcile these practices with broader arguments about development practices. Specifically, this research addresses these questions : 1. In what ways, if any have pastoralists been affected by climate change-induced drought ? 2. What are some of their adaptation strategies and are these strategies effective ? 3. What are pastoralists’ views on development ? And what do they believe is the way forward ? 4. How can this population and their unique experiences with climate change-induced drought inform us of the merits of planned versus unplanned development ? Furthermore, I discuss the adaptations of these Fulani in the context of broader development, and I provide information on development history in the Sahel, Sahelian pastoralists, as well as competing theories of Western-led development programs seeking to eliminate poverty. Through my interviews in this study, I found that the pastoralists in question are struggling with a cycle of herd destruction from drought, and they have had relatively little experience with long range migration, unlike other pastoral groups. This is central to arguments about pastoral resiliency as a resource, as long range migration poses a considerable risk to their livelihood. Furthermore, I have found that communal resiliency strategies based around reciprocity, tend to fail in the face of a community wide disaster.

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Page publiée le 25 décembre 2022